VOA: Lab in US Shut Down for Chinese Funding

中級 〜

物語以外の英語教材として,

VOA Learning English

を利用してみます。

まず最初に,英語講座の受講生が選んでくれた次の記事を取り上げます。

Lab in US Shut Down for Chinese Funding
米国の難関名門大学が,中国系アメリカ人の研究者夫妻を解雇したことに関する記事です。

このVOAのサイトでは,音声も提供されています。
かなりゆっくりですので,速度を遅くしたファイルは不要かと思います。

VOA Learning English 用のアプリもあります。

・VOAPod :  iPhone用iPad用(Apple Store)

Android 用アプリ(Google Play)

ということで,音声については,VOA Webサイト,あるいはアプリを利用してください。

 

英文中のいくつかの語句について,英語で説明されていますが,難しい語句が散見されますので,吹き出しで説明を加えました。

記号づけ用PDFファイル
記号づけの解答


-1Lab in US Shut Down for Chinese Funding

0Chinese-American scientists Li Xiaojiang (R) and Li Shihua (L) are shown in an undated photo.

1A university in the U.S. state of Georgia this month dismissed two Chinese-American scientists for not disclosing sources of overseas financing and research ties in China.

2Emory University fired brain scientist Li Xiaojiang, and his wife, Li Shihua, on May 16.  3The two led and operated a laboratory and have worked at Emory for more than 20 years.

4Emory said Li and his wife failed to “fully disclose” overseas sources of research funding and their professional ties to China.  5Investigators took computers and documents and questioned members of their team.

6Both the Lis are U.S. citizens7As researchers, they are known for gene-editing technology and studies of Huntington disease in animals.

8Li told Science Insider that he was “shocked” by Emory’s move to terminate him in “such an unusual and abrupt” way.  9He added that he did not receive exact details for the reasons behind his termination.

10The university closed the laboratory while Li was visiting China.  11It gave four Chinese postdoctoral students working there 30 days to leave the United States.

12Li said he had told Emory University about his Chinese research activity every year “since 2012.”

13Emory said it acted on a warning issued by Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the United States.  14Last August, Collins warned of hidden sources of overseas funding for researchers working at NIH-supported institutions.

15Science Insider reports that the NIH has been in contact with two U.S. universities for several months about whether researchers are following agency rules on revealing foreign funding.

16Emory said in a statement that the two researchers “failed to fully disclose foreign sources of research funding and the extent of their work for research institutions and universities in China.”

17The NIH told Congress that it has identified at least 190 researchers receiving money, known as grants, who may have problematic foreign relationships.  18It also said that at least 55 institutions have begun investigations.

19Li Xiaojiang was a member of the Chinese government’s Thousand Talents Program, which encourages leading professionals to work in China.

20Heng He is a scientific commentator.  21He told Radio Free Asia he was not surprised by the firings.

22He said the Thousand Talents program was a part of the ruling Chinese Communist Party’s general strategy for gaining knowledge and expertise from overseas.

23Heng said, “It’s pretty unique in the world, for a country to use all the power of the machinery of state to mobilize the resources of the whole of society, so that [Chinese] scholars working in the United States can serve the interests of their country.”

I’m Anne Ball

Anne Ball adapted this story based on reports from Radio Free Asia, Science Magazine and the South China Morning Post.


Words in This Story
firev. to dismiss someone from a job
disclosev. to make something known to the public
abruptadj. very sudden and not expected
terminatev. to dismiss someone from a job
postdoctoraladj. relating to work that is done after a PhD has been completed
obligationn. something that you must do because of a law, rule, or promise
stewardn. someone who protects or is responsible for money or property
encouragev. to make (something) more appealing or more likely to happen
talentn. a special ability that allows someone to do something well


obligation, steward は,英文中では使われていないようです。

参 考 文 献

[1] ウィズダム英和辞典 第3版(2012)
[2]ジーニアス英和辞典 第5版(2015)
[3] ランダムハウス英語辞典 第2版(1993)
[4 リーダーズ英和辞典 第3版(2012)
[43] 現代英文法講義 安藤貞雄著 開拓社(2005)

参考文献一覧へ

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Itakura

〜2016 鹿児島大学水産学部教授 ,2016〜2017 水産学部特任教授(英語教育担当),2016〜 鹿児島大学名誉教授/ 〜2017 CIEC(コンピュータ利用教育学会)理事,ネットワーク委員会委員長,2018〜 CIEC 監事/ 2015〜「英語の見える化」研究会主宰/ 資格: 獣医学博士(北海道大学)/